A Greek Orthodox organization, founded in the
early XX Century
by Fr. Eusebius Matthopoulos
and to some extent perhaps modeled on the Roman Catholic
Its members, though usually either
celibate, are not necessarily monks. The Brotherhood established
many schools and other organizations and has been credited by some
with revitalizing the Greek Church; its popular youth movement was
imitated with great success in other Orthodox countries.
In the 1960s, however, there were serious internal
conflicts, resulting in the creation of a new brotherhood called Soter
in 1963. The Zoë Brotherhood was also attacked as
Westernizing and "pietistic"
by some prominent younger theologians, including
Christos Yannaras, and after 1967 it developed close ties to the
regime of the Colonels which proved damaging when that dictatorship fell.
Many important Greek liturgical and other texts, including the
in Greek as used by the Church, are available
most easily or even exclusively from Zoë's publishing house.
Norman Hugh Redington
Return to St Pachomius Library.